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Fast Growing Trees
more details

Hybrid Poplar

Fastest

Deciduous
Hybrid Poplar
Weeping Willow
Silver Maple

Faster

Deciduous
Hardy Pecan

Green Ash
White Ash
Cimmaron Ash
Autumn Purple Ash

Tulip Poplar

Evergreen
Colorado Blue Spruce

Douglas Fir
Canadian Hemlock
Dawn Redwood

Fast

Deciduous
Black Walnut

Evergreen
Scotch or Scots Pine

Fast Growing Hedging Plants
more details

Deciduous
Hybrid Poplar
Siberian Elm

Evergreen
Canadian Hemlock

- tall one of the fastest
Arborvitae - American
- not so quick or so tall, more elegant
Douglas Fir

- good for wind break or background


Clematis "Bees Jubilee", group 2
Clematis - Flowering Vines

Plum Trees
Prune Trees


Flowering shrubs and trees

More about Fruit Trees: Apple and Crab-apples | Apricot | Cherry | Peaches and Nectarines | Pear | Plums and prunes | Pests and problems | Hints and tips

Pollinator needed?

Yes

Bloom Period

April - May

Mature Height

12-14 feet

Produce
Fruit In

3-5 years

Support needed?

No

Harvest Period

Aug - Sept

Zones

5-9

Soil Type

all types

Sun Exposure

full

Plums and prunes are a great choice for a garden fruit tree, plums tend to be relatively expensive in the stores as they don't travel all that well or keep for very long, so the varieties that you do buy are selected for features that are good for the store keeper rather than the consumer. Plum trees are generally fairly small, and aren't as bothered about pruning in the way that apples or pears are for instance. They are also a particularly delicious and valued fruit, in many parts of SE Asia, plums are considered as an "exotic fruit" well worthy of the title.

Their only vulnerability is that they flower early in the spring and the blossom may be damaged by frost reducing that years crop. Birds often eat the flowers which can also affect the crop, I'm fortunate in that there's only a pair of collared doves that get at mine and I can live with the limited damage that they do. They seem to keep others out of the garden and I tend to feed them more at plum blossom time. so they're less likely to go for the fresh salad.

Plums are not self-fertile other than the admirable "Victoria" variety, though given their size it is not too difficult to have 2 or 3 for cross-fertilization in the same garden.  Like apples and pears, plums are grafted onto a rootstock which determines their ultimate size, with the grafted portion being the particular variety of plum. Suckers may be produced from below the graft junction which should be removed as seen.

Training and pruning - Being drupes (stone fruits) plums should not be pruned in the winter months as they are susceptible to the fungal disease silver-leaf. The bush form is the easiest to maintain and most effective in the average garden. Over the first three years an open crown with four strong branches should be allowed to develop. Pruning needs only to remove obvious shoots and branches that are damaged, too thin and long, crossing or in the wrong place.

Silver Leaf - This is a fungal disease that affects drupe fruits and plums in particular. The name is descriptive and affected plants leaves take on a silvery appearance due to air being introduced just under the top epidermal surface. The disease usually enters the tree in the winter months often through pruning cuts, so the best defence is not to prune in the dormant winter months, but only when the tree is in active growth. There is no chemical cure for silver leaf, it is the plum tree equivalent of gangrene. Affected branches or twigs should be cut back to healthy unaffected wood with no brown staining. If there is more than about 1/3rd of the branches affected, the tree is best removed and burnt. Any prunings from affected trees should be burnt.

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